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THE VALLEY OF THE NILE.
THE PTOLEMIES.
ALEXANDRIA.
CLEOPATRA'S FATHER.
ACCESSION TO THE THRONE.
CLEOPATRA AND Caesar.
THE ALEXANDRINE WAR.
CLEOPATRA A QUEEN.
THE BATTLE OF PHILIPPI.
CLEOPATRA AND ANTONY.
THE BATTLE OF ACTIUM.
THE END OF CLEOPATRA.

which a certain image of gold, made in honor of him, was borne, the 

bearer of it stumbled and fell, and the image was thrown upon the 

ground. This was a very dark presage of impending calamity. Then a great 

number of vultures and other birds of prey were seen for a number of 

days before the battle, hovering over the Roman army; and several swarms 

of bees were found within the precincts of the camp. So alarming was 

this last indication, that the officers altered the line of the 

intrenchments so as to shut out the ill-omened spot from the camp. These 

and other such things had great influence upon the mind of Cassius, in 

convincing him that some great disaster was impending over him. 

 

Nor was Brutus himself without warnings of this character, though they 

seem to have had less power to produce any serious impression upon his 

mind than in the case of Cassius. The most extraordinary warning which 

Brutus received, according to the story of his ancient historians, was 

by a supernatural apparition which he saw, some time before, while he 

was in Asia Minor. He was encamped near the city of Sardis at that time. 

He was always accustomed to sleep very little, and would often, it was 

said, when all his officers had retired, and the camp was still, sit 

alone in his tent, sometimes reading, and sometimes revolving the 

anxious cares which were always pressing upon his mind. One night he was 

thus alone in his tent, with a small lamp burning before him, sitting 

lost in thought, when he suddenly heard a movement as of some one 

entering the tent. He looked up, and saw a strange, unearthly, and 

monstrous shape, which appeared to have just entered the door and was 

coming toward him. The spirit gazed upon him as it advanced, but it did 

not speak. 

 

Brutus, who was not much accustomed to fear, boldly demanded of the 

apparition who and what it was, and what had brought it there. "I am 

your evil spirit," said the apparition. "I shall meet you at Philippi." 

"Then, it seems," said Brutus, "that, at any rate, I shall see you 

again." The spirit made no reply to this, but immediately vanished. 

 

Brutus arose, went to the door of his tent, summoned the sentinels, and 

awakened the soldiers that were sleeping near. The sentinels had seen 

nothing; and, after the most diligent search, no trace of the mysterious 

visitor could be found. 

 

The next morning Brutus related to Cassius the occurrence which he had 

witnessed. Cassius, though very sensitive, it seems, to the influence of 

omens affecting himself, was quite philosophical in his views in respect 

to those of other men. He argued very rationally with Brutus to convince 

him that the vision which he had seen was only a phantom of sleep, 

taking its form and character from the ideas and images which the 

situation in which Brutus was then placed, and the fatigue and anxiety 

which he had endured, would naturally impress upon his mind. 

 

But to return to the battle. Brutus fought against Octavius; while 

Cassius, two or three miles distant, encountered Antony, that having 

been, as will be recollected, the disposition of the respective armies 

and their encampments upon the plain. Brutus was triumphantly successful 

in his part of the field. His troops defeated the army of Octavius, and 

got possession of his camp. The men forced their way into Octavius's 

tent, and pierced the litter in which they supposed that the sick 

general was lying through and through with their spears. But the object 

of their desperate hostility was not there. He had been borne away by 

his guards a few minutes before, and no one knew what had become of him. 

 

The result of the battle was, however, unfortunately for those whose 

adventures we are now more particularly following, very different in 

Cassius's part of the field. When Brutus, after completing the conquest 

of his own immediate foes, returned to his elevated camp, he looked 

toward the camp of Cassius, and was surprised to find that the tents had 

disappeared. Some of the officers around perceived weapons glancing and 

glittering in the sun in the place where Cassius's tents ought to 

appear. Brutus now suspected the truth, which was, that Cassius had been 

defeated, and his camp had fallen into the hands of the enemy. He 

immediately collected together as large a force as he could command, and 

marched to the relief of his colleague. He found him, at last, posted 

with a small body of guards and attendants upon the top of a small 


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