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THE VALLEY OF THE NILE.
THE PTOLEMIES.
ALEXANDRIA.
CLEOPATRA'S FATHER.
ACCESSION TO THE THRONE.
CLEOPATRA AND Caesar.
THE ALEXANDRINE WAR.
CLEOPATRA A QUEEN.
THE BATTLE OF PHILIPPI.
CLEOPATRA AND ANTONY.
THE BATTLE OF ACTIUM.
THE END OF CLEOPATRA.

the circumstances of the case--acting thus, as he often did, under the 

influence of a blind and uncalculating generosity. The treasurer, more 

prudent than his master, wished to reduce the amount, but he did not 

dare directly to propose a reduction; so he counted out the money, and 

laid it in a pile in a place where Antony was to pass, thinking that 

when Antony saw the amount, he would perceive that it was too great. 

Antony, in passing by, asked what money that was. The treasurer said 

that it was the sum that he had ordered to be sent as a present to such 

a person, naming the individual intended. Antony was quick to perceive 

the object of the treasurer's maneuver. He immediately replied, "Ah! is 

that all? I thought the sum I named would make a better appearance than 

that; send him double the amount." 

 

To determine, under such circumstances as these, to double an 

extravagance merely for the purpose of thwarting the honest attempt of a 

faithful servant to diminish it, made, too, in so cautious and delicate 

a way, is most certainly a fault. But it is one of those faults for 

which the world, in all ages, will persist in admiring and praising the 

perpetrator. 

 

In a word, Antony became the object of general attention and favor 

during his continuance at Alexandria. Whether he particularly attracted 

Cleopatra's attention at this time or not does not appear. She, however, 

strongly attracted _his._ He admired her blooming beauty, her 

sprightliness and wit, and her various accomplishments. She was still, 

however, so young--being but fifteen years of age, while Antony was 

nearly thirty--that she probably made no very serious impression upon 

him. A short time after this, Antony went back to Rome, and did not see 

Cleopatra again for many years. 

 

When the two Roman generals went away from Alexandria, they left a 

considerable portion of the army behind them, under Ptolemy's command, 

to aid him in keeping possession of his throne. Antony returned to Rome. 

He had acquired great renown by his march across the desert, and by the 

successful accomplishment of the invasion of Egypt and the restoration 

of Ptolemy. His funds, too, were replenished by the vast sums paid to 

him and to Gabinius by Ptolemy. The amount which Ptolemy is said to have 

agreed to pay as the price of his restoration was two thousand 

talents--equal to ten millions of dollars--a sum which shows on how 

great a scale the operations of this celebrated campaign were conducted. 

Ptolemy raised a large portion of the money required for his payments by 

confiscating the estates belonging to those friends of Berenice's 

government whom he ordered to be slain. It was said, in fact, that the 

numbers were very much increased of those that were condemned to die, by 

Ptolemy's standing in such urgent need of their property to meet his 

obligations. 

 

Antony, through the results of this campaign, found himself suddenly 

raised from the position of a disgraced and homeless fugitive to that of 

one of the most wealthy and renowned, and, consequently, one of the most 

powerful personages in Rome. The great civil war broke out about this 

time between Caesar and Pompey. Antony espoused the cause of Caesar. 

 

In the mean time, while the civil war between Caesar and Pompey was 

raging, Ptolemy succeeded in maintaining his seat on the throne, by the 

aid of the Roman soldiers whom Antony and Gabinius had left him, for 

about three years. When he found himself drawing toward the close of 

life, the question arose to his mind to whom he should leave his 

kingdom. Cleopatra was the oldest child, and she was a princess of great 

promise, both in respect to mental endowments and personal charms. Her 

brothers were considerably younger than she. The claim of a son, though 

younger, seemed to be naturally stronger than that of a daughter; but 

the commanding talents and rising influence of Cleopatra appeared to 

make it doubtful whether it would be safe to pass her by. The father 

settled the question in the way in which such difficulties were usually 

surmounted in the Ptolemy family. He ordained that Cleopatra should 

marry the oldest of her brothers, and that they two should jointly 

occupy the throne. Adhering also, still, to the idea of the alliance of 

Egypt with Rome, which had been the leading principle of the whole 

policy of his reign, he solemnly committed the execution of his will and 

the guardianship of his children, by a provision of the instrument 


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