Main  Contacts  
Table of contents
THE VALLEY OF THE NILE.
THE PTOLEMIES.
ALEXANDRIA.
CLEOPATRA'S FATHER.
ACCESSION TO THE THRONE.
CLEOPATRA AND Caesar.
THE ALEXANDRINE WAR.
CLEOPATRA A QUEEN.
THE BATTLE OF PHILIPPI.
CLEOPATRA AND ANTONY.
THE BATTLE OF ACTIUM.
THE END OF CLEOPATRA.

CHAPTER XI.

 

 

THE BATTLE OF ACTIUM.

 

 

Perplexity of Antony.--His meeting with Fulvia.--Meeting of Antony and 

Fulvia.--Reconciliation of Antony and Octavius.--Octavia.--Her marriage 

to Antony.--Octavia's influence over her husband and her 

brother.--Octavia pleads for Antony.--Difficulties settled.--Antony 

tired of his wife.--He goes to Egypt.--Antony again with 

Cleopatra.--Effect on his character.--The march to Sidon.--Suffering of 

the troops.--Arrival of Cleopatra.--She brings supplies for the 

army.--Octavia intercedes for Antony.--She brings him re-enforcements. 

--Cleopatra's alarm.--Her arts.--Cleopatra's secret agents.--Their 

representations to Antony.--Cleopatra's success.--Antony's message 

to Octavia.--Devotion of Octavia.--Indignation against Antony.--Measures 

of Antony.--Accusations against him.--Antony's preparations.--Assistance 

of Cleopatra.--Canidius bribed.--His advice in regard to Cleopatra.--The 

fleet at Samos.--Antony's infatuation.--Riot and revelry.--Antony and 

Cleopatra at Athens.--Ostentation of Cleopatra.--Honors bestowed on 

her.--Baseness of Antony.--Approach of Octavius.--Antony's will.--Charges 

against him.--Antony's neglect of his duties.--Meeting of the fleets. 

--Opinions of the council.--Cleopatra's wishes.--Battle of Actium.--Flight 

of Cleopatra.--Antony follows Cleopatra.--He gains her galley.--Antony 

pursued.--A severe conflict.--The avenger of a father.--Antony's 

anguish--Antony and Cleopatra shun each other.--Arrival at 

Tsenarus.--Antony and Cleopatra fly together to Egypt. 

 

Cleopatra, in parting with Antony as described in the last chapter, lost 

him for two or three years. During this time Antony himself was involved 

in a great variety of difficulties and dangers, and passed through many 

eventful scenes, which, however, can not here be described in detail. 

His life, during this period, was full of vicissitude and excitement, 

and was spent probably in alternations of remorse for the past and 

anxiety for the future. On landing at Tyre, he was at first extremely 

perplexed whether to go to Asia Minor or to Rome. His presence was 

imperiously demanded in both places. The war which Fulvia had fomented 

was caused, in part, by the rivalry of Octavius, and the collision of 

his interests with those of her husband. Antony was very angry with her 

for having managed his affairs in such a way as to bring about a war. 

After a time Antony and Fulvia met at Athens. Fulvia had retreated to 

that city, and was very seriously sick there, either from bodily 

disease, or from the influence of long-continued anxiety, vexation, and 

distress. They had a stormy meeting. Neither party was disposed to 

exercise any mercy toward the other. Antony left his wife rudely and 

roughly, after loading her with reproaches. A short time afterward, she 

sank down in sorrow to the grave. 

 

The death of Fulvia was an event which proved to be of advantage to 

Antony. It opened the way to a reconciliation between him and Octavius. 

Fulvia had been extremely active in opposing Octavius's designs, and in 

organizing plans for resisting him. He felt, therefore, a special 

hostility against her, and, through her, against Antony. Now, however, 

that she was dead, the way seemed to be in some sense opened for a 

reconciliation. 

 

Octavius had a sister, Octavia, who had been the wife of a Roman general 

named Marcellus. She was a very beautiful and a very accomplished woman, 

and of a spirit very different from that of Fulvia. She was gentle, 

affectionate, and kind, a lover of peace and harmony, and not at all 

disposed, like Fulvia, to assert and maintain her influence over others 

by an overbearing and violent demeanor. Octavia's husband died about 

this time, and, in the course of the movements and negotiations between 

Antony and Octavius, the plan was proposed of a marriage between Antony 

and Octavia, which, it was thought, would ratify and confirm the 

reconciliation. This proposal was finally agreed upon, Antony was glad 

to find so easy a mode of settling his difficulties. The people of Rome, 

too, and the authorities there, knowing that the peace of the world 

depended upon the terms on which these two men stood with regard to each 

other, were extremely desirous that this arrangement should be carried 

into effect. There was a law of the commonwealth forbidding the marriage 

of a widow within a specified period after the death of her husband. 

That period had not, in Octavia's case, yet expired. There was, however, 


Page 1 from 9: [1]  2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   Forward