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Table of contents
THE VALLEY OF THE NILE.
THE PTOLEMIES.
ALEXANDRIA.
CLEOPATRA'S FATHER.
ACCESSION TO THE THRONE.
CLEOPATRA AND Caesar.
THE ALEXANDRINE WAR.
CLEOPATRA A QUEEN.
THE BATTLE OF PHILIPPI.
CLEOPATRA AND ANTONY.
THE BATTLE OF ACTIUM.
THE END OF CLEOPATRA.

hardship better when in camp or on the field. In fact, he rushed with as 

much headlong precipitation into difficulty and danger when abroad, as 

into expense and dissipation when at home. During his contests with 

Octavius and Lepidus, after Caesar's death, he once had occasion to pass 

the Alps, which, with his customary recklessness, he attempted to 

traverse without any proper supplies of stores or means of 

transportation. He was reduced, on the passage, together with the troops 

under his command, to the most extreme destitution and distress. They 

had to feed on roots and herbs, and finally on the bark of trees; and 

they barely preserved themselves, by these means, from actual 

starvation. Antony seemed, however, to care nothing for all this, but 

pressed on through the difficulty and danger, manifesting the same 

daring and determined unconcern to the end. In the same campaign he 

found himself at one time reduced to extreme destitution in respect to 

men. His troops had been gradually wasted away until his situation had 

become very desperate. He conceived, under these circumstances, the most 

extraordinary idea of going over alone to the camp of Lepidus and 

enticing away his rival's troops from under the very eyes of their 

commander. This bold design was successfully executed. Antony advanced 

alone, clothed in wretched garments, and with his matted hair and beard 

hanging about his breast and shoulders, up to Lepidus's lines. The men, 

who knew him well, received him with acclamations; and pitying the sad 

condition to which they saw that he was reduced, began to listen to what 

he had to say. Lepidus, who could not attack him, since he and Antony 

were not at that time in open hostility to each other, but were only 

rival commanders in the same army, ordered the trumpeters to sound in 

order to make a noise which should prevent the words of Antony from 

being heard. This interrupted the negotiation; but the men immediately 

disguised two of their number in female apparel, and sent them to Antony 

to make arrangements with him for putting themselves under his command, 

and offering, at the same time, to murder Lepidus, if he would but speak 

the word. Antony charged them to do Lepidus no injury. He, however, went 

over and took possession of the camp, and assumed the command of the 

army. He treated Lepidus himself, personally, with extreme politeness, 

and retained him as a subordinate under his command. 

 

Not far from the time of Caesar's death, Antony was married. The name of 

the lady was Fulvia. She was a widow at the time of her marriage with 

Antony, and was a woman of very marked and decided character. She had 

led a wild and irregular life previous to that time, but she conceived a 

very strong attachment to her new husband and devoted herself to him 

from the time of her marriage with the most constant fidelity. She soon 

acquired a very great ascendency over him, and was the means of 

effecting a very considerable reform in his conduct and character. She 

was an ambitious and aspiring woman, and made many very efficient and 

successful efforts to promote the elevation and aggrandizement of her 

husband. She appeared, also, to take a great pride and pleasure in 

exercising over him, herself, a great personal control. She succeeded in 

these attempts in a manner that surprised every body. It seemed 

astonishing to all mankind that such a tiger as he had been could be 

subdued by any human power. Nor was it by gentleness and mildness that 

Fulvia gained such power over her husband. She was of a very stern and 

masculine character, and she seems to have mastered Antony by surpassing 

him in the use of his own weapons. In fact, instead of attempting to 

soothe and mollify him, she reduced him, it seems, to the necessity of 

resorting to various contrivances to soften and propitiate her. Once, 

for example, on his return from a campaign in which he had been exposed 

to great dangers, he disguised himself and came home at night in the 

garb of a courier bearing dispatches. He caused himself to be ushered, 

muffled and disguised as he was, into Fulvia's apartments, where he 

handed her some pretended letters, which, he said, were from her 

husband; and while Fulvia was opening them in great excitement and 

trepidation, he threw off his disguise, and revealed himself to her by 

clasping her in his arms and kissing her in the midst of her amazement. 


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